Other compounds include: taxifolin, quercetin, kaempferol, apigenin, naringin, and others. 627 Recent research has confirmed that it has a remarkable ability to protect the liver from damage resulting from alcoholic and other types of poisoning. According to legend, the variegation on the leaves was caused by the virgin Mary’s milk as it ran down the leaves, hence the specific name marianum. 174 Restrict human access? Infusion: 1/2 tsp/cup, infuse 15 min, 1/2 cup TID. Common Name: Milk Thistle | Scientific Name: Silybum Marianum. marianum Silybum pygmaeum Cass. The brown-spotted fruit has a shiny white pappus as a vessel of flight. Botanical Nomenclature: silybum marianum Common name: silymarin, marian thistle, blessed milk thistle, variegated thistle, Our Lady's thistle, milk thistle, maria thistle. The name "milk thistle" derives from a feature of the leaves, which are prominently banded with splashes of white. The ripe fruit freed by the pappus is used. Silybum marianum Common name(s): Milk Thistle, Blessed Milk Thistle, Marian Thistle, Mary Thistle and others Synonyme(s): Carduus marianus Family: Asteraceae Origin: Africa, Asia, … It grows 60 to 150cm high and blossoms from June to September with purple daisy heads, which consist only of tubular flowers. Useful … Topics include, study tips, Botanical Actions, Constituents, Pharmacy, Monographs, Nutrition, Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats, Fiber and much more evidence informed medicine. Common Name: Milk Thistle | Scientific Name: Silybum Marianum. Silybum marianum has other common names include cardus marianus, milk thistle, blessed milkthistle, Marian thistle, Mary thistle, Saint Mary's thistle, Mediterranean milk thistle, variegated thistle and Scotch thistle. blessed milkthistle, blessed milk-thistle, milk thistle, spotted thistle, variegated thistle. Scientific Name: Silybum marianum Common name: Variegated thistle Page 1 of 2 QUESTION COMMENTS REFERENCE RANKING Social 1. Thats a bit hint as to what this plant does…..it protects the liver from damage. … Mushrooms often kill by … Its current distribution includes most temperate areas of the world. Contraindications: Avoid using in those with possible allergy to Asteraceae family. Contents. ): Silymarin and standardised extract preparations: internally as supportive treatment in chronic inflammatory liver diseases and liver cirrhosis, for treatment of toxic liver damage (intravenously). They are at the bottom of the stem and along the nerves they are usually spotted and marbled in white. Common Names: Milk Thistle Seeds Milk Thistle Seeds also known by their scientific name, Silybum marianum, are truly a one of a kind herb. Basal leaves are 6-28 in. to § 109a). Silybum intermedium Willk. albiflorum Eig Silybum marianum var. Silybum maculatum (Scop.) Milk Thistle - Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. Family: Asteraceae. References: Proper name: USDA 2018; Common names: USDA 2018, McGuffin et al. Cost is $39.95. Constituents/Active Ingredients: 1.5-3% silymarin, which includes a mixture of several flavonolignans. Medical uses: Research has shown that it promotes the regeneration of diseased liver cells and protects them against some poisons. Milk thistle has red to purple flowers and shiny pale green leaves with white veins. Gaertn.) Silybum marianum, also called milk thistle, is an annual or biannual plant belonging to the Asteraceae family. longispinum Lamotte, 1881 Silybum marianum var. Read more about the prescription drug MILK THISTLE (Silybum marianum) - ORAL. One of these thorns is the Silybum marianum. Silybum leucanthum Jord. Milk thistle – Silybum marianum is a herb that is used frequently for centuries to help with many diseases. Crushed fruit: 80-200mg TID. - widespread across much of Europe, Asia, and North Africa from Norway and the Canary Islands to China and Maluku; naturalized in Australia, New … Preferred Scientific Name; Silybum marianum Preferred Common Name; variegated thistle Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; Summary of Invasiveness ; S. marianum is a very large and conspicuous thistle, already reported as a highly invasive weed in the 1800s. Family: Asteraceae. Silybum intermedium Willk. 1860; Milk thistle dried extract, no. Herbal monograph for Milk thistle includes parts used, how to use as an herbal medicine, dosage and contraindications. Other Common Names: Bull thistle, emetic root, frauendistel, fruit de chardon marie, heal thistle, holy thistle, lady’s thistle, Marian thistle, mariendistel, Mary thistle, … Botanical Name: Silybum marianum. Silver milk thistle, Elephant thistle, Blessed milk thistle. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. “An erect annual or biennial herb, … Originally a native of Southern Europe through to Asia, it is now cultivated throughout the world for its medicinal and pharmaceutical value. Carduus marianus L.) Family. Botanical name. Part(s) Used: Seed extract. According to legend, the variegation on the leaves was caused by the virgin Mary’s milk as it ran down the leaves, hence the specific name marianum. Contemporary research confirms this use! Family Name: Compositae. This substance, which actually consists of a group of compounds called flavonolignans, helps repair liver cells damaged by alcohol and other toxic substances by stimulating protein synthesis. Intensive scientific research have been carried out in Germany and in the United States, have confirmed the therapeutic effectiveness of Milk thistle – Silybum … This fairly typical thistle has red to purple flowers and shiny pale green leaves with Their thistle-like appearance is due to the outer husks of the blossom, ending in strong, sharp thorny spikes. * Silybum marianum has other common names include cardus marianus, milk thistle, blessed milk thistle, Marian Thistle, Mary Thistle, Saint Mary's Thistle, Mediterranean milk thistle, variegated thistle and Scotch thistle. Homonyms Silybum marianum Gaertn. Proper name(s) Part(s) Preparation(s) Silybum marianum. Silybum marianum, commonly called blessed thistle or milk thistle, is a rosette-forming biennial that is native to the Mediterranean region (southern Europe, western Asia and northern Africa). 1996-2012. Variegated thistle is very competitive in pastures and, … Resources. Blessed milk thistle Gundagai thistle : Holy thistle Lady's thistle Mary's thistle Mary thistle Milk thistle St. Mary's thistle Variegated thistle Silybum marianum: Fruit Seed Dried . Eur. Milk Thistle Seed is world renowned for … Milk thistle has red to purple flowers and shiny pale green leaves with white veins. 2000; Source Other Common Names: blessed milkthistle, spotted thistle, variegated thistle Weed class: A Year Listed: 1989 Native to: Western Asia, Europe and Northern Africa … Teas are not recommended because they will not produce the effective dose. Milk thistle to support the digestive function in dyspeptic complaints (traditional use acc. Milk Thistle - Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. Originally a … The seeds contain 20-30% fixed oil with a high proportion of linoleic acid (ca. Note: taking with lecithin promotes silymarin absorption, and seeds need to be cracked with any preparation. → Advisor, Medicinal herbal preparations in finished drug products, Milk thistle fruits (fructus Silybi Marian), Preset (standardised) purified milk thistle. Schilcher: Leitfaden Phytotherapie, pg. * This species is an annual or biennial plant of the Asteraceae family. Preferred Scientific Name; Silybum marianum Preferred Common Name; variegated thistle Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; Summary of Invasiveness; S. marianum … The genus name Silybum comes from the Greek "silibon" (etymologically Syllibon) = tassel. Reliably reducing milk thistle (Silybum marianum) to zero density: a treatment model for annual weeds with plastic life cycles. Cardus marianus) Description: Blessed milkthistle is a sparsely branched thistle growing up to 6 feet tall and forming dense stands. This gives it a role in any chronic liver disease and especially those due to alcohol, drug, or dietary abuse. The origins of Silybum marianum lie in the region of Southern Europe, the Mediterranean and Northern Africa. Daisy family (Asteraceae) Common name. longispinum Lamotte, 1881 Silybum marianum var. The active ingredient, or liver-protecting compound in milk thistle is known as silymarin. Milk thistle (Silybum marianum L. Milk Thistle Seed is world renowned for centuries because of a natural compound called silymarin found in it. Common name: Blessed milkthistle, Milk thistle, Marian thistle, Mary thistle, Saint Mary’s thistle, Mediterranean milk thistle, Variegated thistle Scientific Name: Silybum marianum. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. There is as yet no experience on safety of its use during pregnancy, breast-feeding or in children under 12 years old so do not use without consulting a doctor. Milk thistle was a traditional treatment for mushroom poisoning. (syn. Asteraceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Compositae (South Australia) Carduus marianus L.), Silver milk thistle, Elephant thistle, Blessed milk thistle. Interactions: May increase metabolism of some drugs. Silybum leucanthum Jord. Milk thistle has been investigated for its anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and CNS effects. Family: Asteraceae Part used: Fruit/Seed Constituents: Flavolignans (silymarin complex), flavonoids, volatile oil, bitter principle, mucilage Actions: Cholagogue, hepatic, hepatoprotective & hepatorestorative, galactagogue, demulcent Medical uses: Research has shown that it promotes the regeneration of diseased liver cells and protects them … Scientific Name/Common Name: Silybum marianum / Milk Thistle. Created and maintained with love by Dr. Marisa Marciano, ND, The Botanical Medicine Manual is the best multidisciplinary, integrated guide available for students, clinicians & instructors. Standardized extract: (80% silymarin), 175-600mg QD. (15.2-71.1 cm) long with spiny margins. Milk thistle fruits contain Flavolignane (silymarin) and fatty oil. Gallery: Common names: blessed milkthistle, milk thistle, Marian thistle, Mary thistle, Saint Mary’s thistle, Mediterranean milk thistle, variegated thistle Scientific Name: Silybum marianum (Syn. Milk thistle was a traditional treatment for mushroom poisoning. A small but thoughtful selection of some of my favourite herbs for the holidays available for pick up/drop off in Vancouver, or shipment within Canada. This substance, which actually consists of a group of compounds called flavonolignans, helps repair liver cells … CalPhotos - … is the most researched plant for the treatment of liver disease. Milk Thistle - Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. Silver milk thistle, Elephant thistle, Blessed milk thistle. Restrict human access? Milkthistle fruit is the common name for the fruit of the plant Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn.. → Glossary The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. 2071), → Medicinal plants Milk thistle is a genus of two species of thistles in the daisy family. One of these thorns is the Silybum marianum. Botanical name. Carduus … Silybum marianum, also called milk thistle, is an annual or biannual plant belonging to the Asteraceae family. 300 This book gives top quality content that you will refer to often in class, for board exams & in practice. Family Name: Compositae. Overview Appearance Silybum marianum is an annual or biennial herb that ranges from 2-6 ft. (0.6-1.8 m) in height. The Milk Thistle tablets I have seen actually come with a warning not to use if you are pregnant or breast feeding. In a Nutshell: * Silybum marianum has other common names include cardus marianus, milk thistle, blessed milk thistle, Marian Thistle, Mary Thistle, Saint Mary's Thistle, Mediterranean milk thistle, variegated thistle and Scotch thistle… Silybum marianum is a plant that is used for centuries as a herbal treatment in liver and biliary tract diseases. The individual lobes of the stalks including the leaves also end in pointy yellow spines. Proper name(s), Common name(s), Source material(s) Table 1. It has naturalized in parts of Europe, North America, South America, Australia and New Zealand. Latin Name: Silybum marianum Common Names: Milk Thistle Seeds. I am curious about the post relating to the species Silybum marianum stating that ‘marianum refers to the Sierra Morena in southwestern Spain.’ Every source I have seen relates this name to the supposed shedding of milk droplets onto a thistle leaf as the Virgin Mary fed the Christ Child. Plants for a Future Database: Silybum marianum … This monograph is intended to serve as a guide to industry for the preparation of Product Licence Applications (PLAs) and labels for natural health product market authorization. Pharmacy: Tincture: (1:1, 60%), 5-10ml QD. 1987. Other Common Names: blessed milkthistle, spotted thistle, variegated thistle Weed class: A Year Listed: 1989 Native to: Western Asia, Europe and Northern Africa Is this Weed Toxic? Mushrooms often kill by killing your liver. Flowers are crimson to reddish-violet and grow in solitary globular heads 2 … Common names; Herb: Milk Thistle Latin name: Silybum marianum Synonyms: Carduus marianus Family: Compositae Medicinal use of Milk Thistle: Blessed thistle has a long history of use in the West as a remedy for depression and liver problems. It grows preferably on sunny, rocky slopes, on fences in the vicinity of houses, train stations and village streets. Introduction. Family: Asteraceae Origin: Southern Europe to Asia Height: 1.50 - 2.00 Brightness: Full sun, partly shaded 30 Seeds : U$ 1.98. Cite this page: Tropicos.org. Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertner, the blessed milk thistle, which has a large number of other common names, such as variegated thistle. The quality of the following drugs or drug preparations is specified in the European Pharmacopoeia (Ph. The commercially available drug is derived exclusively from crops, partly in northern Germany, but it is mostly imported, mainly from Argentina and China, Romania and Hungary. Silybum marianum. Silybum marianum is sometimes known as Blessed Thistle. Stem leaves spiny, stiff and often reflexed; flower heads surrounded by large stiff reflexed bracts ending in sharp spines. The plant is easy recognized because of the white veins on the leaves, which gave it the name of milk thistle. Introduction. The most widespread species is Silybum marianum. The website also … Silybum marianum has other common names include cardus marianus, milk thistle, blessed milkthistle, Marian thistle, Mary thistle, Saint Mary's thistle, Mediterranean milk thistle, variegated thistle and … It has been studied for use in allergic rhinitis, asthma, cancer treatment–related adverse effects, rheumatoid arthritis, type 2 diabetes, drug-induced hepatotoxicity, drug-induced nephrotoxicity, dyslipidemia, and thalassemia; however clinical trials supporting these uses are limited. Asteraceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Compositae (South Australia) Silybum maculatum (Scop.) Milk thistle for medicinal purposes only comes from crops. Common Names. Milk thistle, Silybum marianum. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … (syn. Missouri Botanical Garden. Its therapeutic properties are due to the presence of silymarin, a mixture of three flavonolignans … Cardo mariano (Spanish, Mexico, Chiapas) A.Gray Silybum marianum var. It is common … Foliage Leaves have shiny, green upper surfaces and are noticeably variegated with white markings. Silybum marianum Common name: Milk Thistle. The plants are native to the Mediterranean regions of Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East. MILK THISTLE- SILYBUM MARIANUM. Homonyms Silybum marianum Gaertn. (Syn. & Fourr. Plants for a Future. Daisy family (Asteraceae) Common name. National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA. Silymarin is the main component of S. marianum and derived from fruits and seeds of S. marianum … Silymarin is the main component of S. marianum and derived from fruits and seeds of S. marianum (milk thistle). The active ingredient, or liver-protecting compound in milk thistle is known as silymarin. albiflorum Eig Silybum marianum var. Scientific Name: Silybum marianum Common name: Variegated thistle Page 1 of 2 QUESTION COMMENTS REFERENCE RANKING Social 1. marianum Silybum pygmaeum Cass. Carduus marianus L.) Family. Common Name(s): blessed milkthistle [English] blessed milk-thistle [English] spotted thistle [English] variegated thistle [English] ... Silybum marianum : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Silybum marianum Consumer information about the medication MILK THISTLE (Silybum marianum) - ORAL, includes side effects, drug interactions, recommended dosages, and storage information. The common name, Milk Thistle, ... Silybum marianum (PLANTS Database, 12 November 2019). The HMPC conclusions only cover milkthistle fruit preparations that are obtained by drying and comminuting (reducing into tiny pieces) or powdering the fruit or putting the plant material in a solvent (acetone, ethanol, ethyl acetate or methanol) to dissolve compounds and form a liquid extract. Common Name: SUNFLOWER FAMILY Habit: Annual to tree.Leaf: basal and/or cauline, alternate, opposite, rarely whorled, simple to 2+ × compound.Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, resembling … The milk thistle is native in southern Europe, the Caucasus, and Asia Minor, and to North Africa and the Canary Islands, and has been introduced in many countries. It will increase the production of milk and is safe to use by all breastfeeding mothers. Moench Silybum mariae (Cr.) Useful information about the plant. Silybum marianum : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Silybum marianum ... Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . Categories: Flowers. Silybum marianum. Silybum marianum has other common names including cardus marianus, milk thistle, blessed milkthistle, Marian thistle, Mary thistle, Saint Mary's thistle, Mediterranean milk thistle, … The plant is easy recognized because of the white veins on the leaves, which gave it the name of milk thistle. Show All Show Tabs blessed milkthistle General Information; Symbol: SIMA3 Group: Dicot ... can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Milk Thistle Seeds also known by their scientific name, Silybum marianum, are truly a one of a kind herb. Medicinal Herbs Flowering . Flickr photos above were identified by the individual photographers but not reviewed by EoPS. Toxicity: Though rare some adverse effects have been reported (sweating, abdominal cramps, diarrhea). Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. The most effective and most used part of the herb is its seeds. (syn. Moench Silybum mariae (Cr.) One species has been introduced elsewhere, including in North America. Kommentar zum Europäischen Arzneibuch (Milk thistle fruit, no. Rarely mild laxative effect and hypersensitive reactions, Wichtl: Teedrogen und Phytopharmaka, pg. Van Wyk: Handbuch der Arzneipflanzen, pg. Common Names: cardo de la alameda (Spanish, Argentina) Girault. “An erect annual or biennial herb, commonly 90 to 180 cm high. 1 Uses; 2 Parts Used; 3 Chemical Composition; 4 Common names; 5 Properties. Silybum marianum                                  Common name: Milk Thistle, Constituents:  Flavolignans (silymarin complex), flavonoids, volatile oil, bitter principle, mucilage, Actions: Cholagogue, hepatic, hepatoprotective & hepatorestorative, galactagogue, demulcent. It will also aid in gall bladder problems. Summers, Tony M. (2012) Other Silybum marianum Information. Shop now at The Naturopathic Herbalist Holiday Shop! A.Gray Silybum marianum var. Common names; Herb: Milk Thistle Latin name: Silybum marianum Synonyms: Carduus marianus Family: Compositae Medicinal use of Milk Thistle: Blessed thistle has a long history of use in the West as a … Contact us to report errors. Prepared drugs: see package insert; The thistle-like plant grows for a year or two. 60%) and oleic acid (ca. Common names … Milk thistle preparations must be avoided in any form by people who have existing allergies to milk thistle. Milk Thistle is an annual or biennial herb growing up to 6 feet tall, with coarse, prickly-edged leaves streaked with white veins. Historically, these milky bands were said to be Mother Mary's milk, and this is the origin of another common name, St. Mary's thistle. It is an invasive self-seeder in some locations (Class A noxious weed in the State of Washington). That's the trouble with common names - they can be applied to more than one plant. & Fourr. 483. : livestock. Silybum marianum Common name(s): Milk Thistle, Blessed Milk Thistle, Marian Thistle, Mary Thistle and others Synonyme(s): Carduus marianus Family: Asteraceae Origin: Africa, Asia, Europe and naturalized … This species is an annual or biennial plant of the Asteraceae family. 13 Dec 2020 Legal listings: This plant is also on the Washington State quarantine list. Silybum marianum is a plant that is used for centuries as a herbal treatment in liver and biliary tract diseases. M ) in height and fatty oil naringin, and the Middle East,. Carduus marianus L. ) Gaertn % fixed oil with a high proportion of linoleic acid ca. Diseased liver cells and protects them against some poisons the Washington State quarantine list are variegated! 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