At our retail garden center we offer seasonal fruit tasting, preservation and plant care classes as well as hold events in the community. Most other varieties pollinate each other. Production costs approximate $2, 500 to $3, 000/acre which is greater than Bartletts because of high costs to thin fruit and higher picking costs. There are no reviews yet. No proven guidelines exist on the closeness of pollenizers or the use of bees for Asian pears in California. The Pear from Varieties to Marketing. One of the most popular Asian fruit trees, the Shinseiki Pear Tree produces round, medium sized, golden pears with white, sweet, crisp, and juicy flesh. Standard pears are commonly pruned from 15 to 25 feet tall with an equal spread. We've been sharing our passion for edible plants and organic gardening since 1994. Harvest season in California is from mid-July through September with a few earlier or later varieties. Less mature fruit get spongy sooner than fully mature fruit. Asian pear trees like 20th Century are about as winter hardy as Bosc pears tolerating about -20°F but are less hardy than Bartlett and Anjou. All Asian pear varieties require heavy thinning to obtain good fruit size, to insure annual cropping, and to avoid limb breakage. In Fresno, ripening will be 7 days earlier; in Oregon and Washington, about 21 to 30 days later. There is no standard accepted spacing for Asian pears on the West Coast of the United States. Imported Japanese fruit are packed in 20-kilo cartons similar to tray-pack apples and are 3-1/2 to 4 inch diameter. Thus, plantings of 145 to 200 trees per acre are recommended for vigorous selections and rootstocks--and for dwarf trees, 300 to 400 trees. Fruit pressure is not as good a measure of maturity in Asian pears as it is in European pears. The Shinko Asian Pear Tree is a very sweet type of fruit that has a slight tart flavor, is round and has great quality, and is medium size, golden-yellow, and very delicious,. Here are pear tree forms and the space they require: • Standard-size pear tree can grow to 40 feet tall if not pruned and have a spread of 30 to 40 feet. Older wood and spurs give smaller fruit than those on 2 to 4 year old wood. For benefits of controlled atmosphere storage of Asian pears see Produce Fact Sheet. Proc., Wenatchee, Washington. Self-fruitful or pollenized by Shinseiki, Bartlett, or other pear or Asian pear. 1990. Do heaviest pruning when the trees are dormant but after the danger of a hard freeze has passed. In Japan, a flat-topped training system called "tanashitate" is used and trees are supported by cables and wire suspended from tall poles . Site and Soil: Asian Pears like full to half day sun and well-drained soil. Asian Pears. 1984. There are a number of Asian pear varieties to choose from, many of which are dwarf cultivars that only attain heights of between 8-15 feet (2.5-4.5 m.) in height. This first fruit thinning is best done before the first codling moth spray and can be done by cutting off the fruit with clippers or small hand shears. As these early planting began producing pears, prices declined moderately. Van der Zwet and N. F. Childers. Daisui Li Asian Pear - Pyrus pyrifolia. The earliest flowering Japanese variety is Chojuro which flowers at the same time as Anjou or Winter Nelis. Estimated chill requirement: 300 to 400 hrs below 45°F. By far the most dreadful disease an Asian pear tree can face, fire blight, caused by the bacteria Erwinia amylovora, destroys any existing fruit and turns leaves to … Plantings range from 7 ½ by 15 feet (380 trees per acre) to 15 by 20 feet (140 trees per acre ) depending on soil, rootstock, and grower preference. Many growers believe Asian pears are harder to handle than firm peaches and believe they are not suited to large, fast-moving packinghouse lines. Prune off any other branches that have an angle of less than a… 4-6' (+1/2'' dia.) Asian pears do not change texture after picking or storage as do European pears such as Bartlett or Comice. Late flowering Japanese varieties are 20th Century and Okusankichi which reach full bloom with Bartlett. This is done with little or no heading of the tree and selecting wide angle limbs for framework limbs off the central leader. They generally approximate 200 trees per acre with spacing of 12 feet apart in rows and 17 to 18 feet between rows being a good planting pattern for long and short term production and minimum crowding of trees. Prune trees in the Winter … Well colored, sweet (13% sugar) fruit brought better prices than greenish-skinned fruit. The Tatura 'V' with about 4 main limbs on each side of the 'V' is the most common trellis system. We can’t guarantee the exact variety of pears that will be on the tree but they are all One Green World favorites so you won’t be disappointed. Fruit should be thinned to one per spur. Along with cultivars of P. × bretschneideri and P. ussuriensis, the fruit is also called the nashi pear. A unique find! Asian Pears. Trellis supported Asian pear orchards are sometimes used in California. Be the first to review “Shinseiki Asian Pear Tree” Cancel reply. Easy to grow, heavy bearing small tree. Most new Asian pear plantings in California are in Fresno, Tulare and Kern Counties. Easy to grow, heavy bearing small tree. It is suggested that every 4 to 8 rows of a single variety have a pollenizer row or that growers plant a block of 4 to 8 rows of a second variety adjacent to the first variety. P. serotina or P. ussuriensis are cold-hardy to -40°F and could be used as an Asian pear rootstock in California but lack winter hardiness for most areas outside of California. Pollination Requirements: Asian Pears need another variety nearby for cross-pollination. Asian pears thrive in soils that have only average amounts of fertility, water, and drainage. For growers who wish to plant a higher density pear orchard, we recommend planting trees on OHxF87. Shinko pears are ready for harvest from mid-July through September, depending on your climate. Grown as a Dwarf, Semi-Dwarf, and Standard forms. It considered one of the cold hardy Asian pear and can grow USDA zone 4A. Chill Hours: Hosui Asian pear trees require 400-500 chill hours to set fruit. Some green Chinese and hybrid types do not change color much at maturity. The size of a grapefruit. After 2 ½ months Hosui and Shinko fruit gets spongy, shows some storage rot, and after four months may show internal breakdown in the core area. The best thinning usually requires two times to effectively leave no more than four to six inches apart. This will give 6 to 10 fairly low secondary limbs that are headed 30 to 36 inches long in the second dormant season. 2020©ONE GREEN WORLD. Customer Reviews. Good disease resistance. The early blooming Chinese varieties Ya Li, Tsu Li and Seuri bloom 10 to 14 days before Bartlett. Pear trees (Pyrus calleryana) have earned their place in the home garden in several ways. The tree's edible fruit is known by many names, including: Asian pear, Japanese pear, Chinese pear, Korean pear, Taiwanese pear, apple pear, zodiac pear, three-halves pear, papple and sand pear. sold for about $10.00 each. Fancy large fruit (12, 15, 16, 18 and 21 sizes -- 3-4 inch diameter) are packed in single-layer 11 to 12 pounds of fruit in "cherry" boxes. Monday – Friday: 10:00am – 4:00pm PST. Beutel, J.A. These prices were about $1.50 1b. All rootstocks are satisfactory in California and the warmer winter areas of Oregon, but in Washington special cold-hardy P. betulaefolia strains are needed. Asian pears are known by many names, including Nashi, Japanese pear, Sand pear, Chinese pear, and Apple pear, and unlike European pears, Asian pears ripen on the tree and maintain their crisp texture long after being picked. Smaller dwarf-type 10-year-old trees on P. communis rootstock cover a soil area of 25 to 49 square feet. Sam, Thanks for your question! Rough handling during picking can cause many stem punctures. Publication, UC Davis, Davis, CA. Packing costs per box will be similar to fancy grade pears or apples. Trellis costs of $2000-$3000 per acre add to establishment cost, but support trees well and expose fruit to sun for good color development. Asian pear trees require great air circulation, so don’t plant them in a confined space. While slightly exotic, they are relatively easy to grow. Storage diseases vary but Botrytis and penicillium are common. We offer unique and rare fruit and nut trees, shrubs, and vines. Usually P. betulaefolia is preferred for its vigor, large fruit and tolerance of wet soils. California Tree Fruit Agreement, Sacramento, CA. Sunset Magazine. In Fresno and Tulare counties, 20th Century or Shinseiki are known to set good crops when planted alone in large one-variety blocks. This series has shown some resistance to pear decline and fire blight in that area. The medium to large fruit has excellent, rich, sweet flavor. Rootstock Description: A vigorous and very productive rootstock for Asian Pears, Pyrus betuaefolia produces trees 10′-12′ in height. Berkeley, B. Sunset Magazine 84:72-75. Fruit are packed either two layers deep in "cherry" lugs or flats. They are often referred to as a salad pear due to their firm texture. In the Pacific Northwest, the Old Home x Farmingdale series (Old Home x Farmingdale #69, O.H. Reviews. Daisui Li Asian Pear - Pyrus pyrifolia; Daisui Li is a high yielding Asian pear bearing very large(up to a pound) to medium size fruit ripening after Bartlett and Shinko.Flesh is white, crispy, and juicy. 1982. All thinning is done by hand since chemical thinning is not reliable or reasonably effective. These main branches are called scaffold branches. Tree Size. Home | About | Contact Department of Plant Sciences | UC Davis | College of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences, All Asian pear varieties except 'Shinko' may develop, In areas with a cold spring seasons, Asian pears will get, When trees are planted too deep in the soil they may die of crown rot (. Early-blooming varieties Ya Li, Tsu Li and Seuri are compatible and should be planted together. Later harvests of this fruit may develop brown flesh in storage. Sunset Western Zone: 2-12, 14-21 The fruit of the Shinseiki Pear Tree ripens in late July, to mid August and stores extremely well until March. 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